Wikipedia's contents: Culture and the arts
Culture and the artsculture is derived from the Latin root cultura or cultus meaning to "inhabit, cultivate, or honour". In general, culture refers to human activity; different definitions of culture reflect different theories for understanding , or criteria for valuing human activity. Present day anthropologists use the term to refer to the universal human capacity to classify experiences and to encode and communicate them symbolically. They regard this capacity as a defining feature of the genus Homo. Since culture is learned, people living in different places have different cultures. There can be different cultures in different countries, and there can also be shared cultures among continents.
The arts are a vast subdivision of culture , composed of many creative endeavors and disciplines. It is a broader term than " art ," which as a description of a field usually means only the visual arts . The arts encompasses visual arts , literary arts and the performing arts – music , theatre , dance , spoken word and film , among others.
Art , in its broadest meaning, is the expression of creativity or imagination. The word art comes from the Latin word ars , which, loosely translated, means "arrangement". Art is commonly understood as the act of making works (or artworks ) which use the human creative impulse and which have meaning beyond simple description. Art is often distinguished from crafts and recreational hobby activities. The term creative arts denotes a collection of disciplines whose principal purpose is the output of material for the viewer or audience to interpret. As such, art may be taken to include forms as diverse as prose writing , poetry , dance , acting or drama , film , music , sculpture , photography , illustration , architecture , collage , painting , craft and fashion . Art may also be understood as relating to creativity , æsthetics and the generation of emotion .
- Culture and the arts
Overviews( see for all subject areas )
- Literature – Poetry
- Performing arts – Comedy ( Humour ) • Dance • Film • Music • Opera • Theatre • Circus
- Visual arts – Animation • Architecture • Comics • Design • Drawing • Painting • Photography • Sculpture • Textile arts • Fashion
Computer and video games
- Board games – Backgammon • Battleship • Chess • Cluedo (Clue) • Draughts (Checkers) • Go • Mastermind • Monopoly • Reversi • Risk • Scrabble • Stratego
- Card games – Baccarat • Canasta • Collectible card game • Contract bridge • Crazy Eights • Cribbage • Go Fish • Patience (Solitaire) • Poker • Rummy • Spades • Speed • Spite and Malice • War
- Sports – Association football (Soccer) • American football • Baseball • Basketball • Cricket • Cue sports • Golf • Ice hockey • Olympics • Racing ( Cycling , Formula One ) • Rugby • Swimming • Tennis • Track and field
- Games and Toys – Computer and video games • Role-playing games
- Mass media – Internet ( Blogosphere , Podcasts , and Websites ) • Newspaper • Publications • Publishing • Radio • Television
Outlines( see for all subject areas )
– vast subdivision of culture, composed of many creative endeavors and disciplines. The arts encompasses visual arts, literary arts and the performing arts.
– the art of written works.
- Fiction – any form of narrative which deals, in part or in whole, with events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary and invented by its author(s).
- Poetry – literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning.
- Critical theory – examination and critique of society and culture, drawing from knowledge across the social sciences and humanities.
– art forms that create works which are primarily visual in nature.
– The art and science of designing and erecting buildings and other physical structures.
- Classical architecture – architecture of classical antiquity and later architectural styles influenced by it.
- Crafts – recreational activities and hobbies that involve making things with one's hands and skill.
- Drawing – visual art that makes use of any number of drawing instruments to mark a two-dimensional medium.
- Design – the process for planning the overall look of an object.
- Film – motion pictures.
- Painting – practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface with a brush or other object.
- Photography – art, science, and practice of creating pictures by recording radiation on a radiation-sensitive medium, such as a photographic film, or electronic image sensors.
- Sculpture – three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials – typically stone such as marble – or metal, glass, or wood.
- Architecture – The art and science of designing and erecting buildings and other physical structures.
– those forms of art that use the artist's own body, face, and presence as a medium.
- Dance – art form of movement of the body.
- Film – moving pictures, the art form that records performances visually.
- Theatre – collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place.
– art form the medium of which is sound and silence.
- Jazz – musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States, mixing African and European music traditions.
- Opera – art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (called a libretto) and musical score.
Musical instruments – devices created or adapted for the purpose of making musical sounds.
- Guitars – the guitar is a plucked string instrument, usually played with fingers or a pick. The guitar consists of a body with a rigid neck to which the strings, generally six in number, are attached. Guitars are traditionally constructed of various woods and strung with animal gut or, more recently, with either nylon or steel strings.
- Music genres
- Stagecraft – technical aspects of theatrical, film, and video production. It includes, but is not limited to, constructing and rigging scenery, hanging and focusing of lighting, design and procurement of costumes, makeup, procurement of props, stage management, and recording and mixing of sound.
- Literature – the art of written works.
– the art and science of good eating, including the study of food and culture.
- Food preparation – act of preparing foodstuffs for eating. It encompasses a vast range of methods, tools, and combinations of ingredients to improve the flavour and digestibility of food. Includes but is not limited to cooking.
- Cuisines – styles of cooking characterized by distinctive ingredients, techniques and dishes, each usually associated with a specific culture or geographic region.
- Meals – eating occasions that take place at a certain time and includes specific prepared food.
- Food and drink
– any activity which provides a diversion or permits people to amuse themselves in their leisure time. Entertainment is generally passive, such as watching opera or a movie.
- Festivals – entertainment events centering on and celebrating a unique aspect of a community, usually staged by that community.
– any form of narrative which deals, in part or in whole, with events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary and invented by its author(s).
Spy fiction – genre of fiction concerning forms of espionage.
- James Bond – fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming. Since then, the character has grown to icon status, featured in many novels, movies, video games and other media.
– genre of fiction using magic and the supernatural as primary elements of plot, theme or setting, often in imaginary worlds, generally avoiding the technical/scientific content typical of Science fiction, but overlapping with it.
- A Song of Ice and Fire franchise ( Game of Thrones ) – fantasy series and setting by writer George R. R. Martin, home to dragons, White Walkers, and feuding noble houses.
- Marvel Cinematic Universe - fictional universe, the setting of movies and shows produced by Marvel Studios .
- Middle-earth – fantasy setting by writer J.R.R. Tolkien, home to hobbits, orcs, and many other mystical races and creatures.
- Narnia – fantasy setting by C.S. Lewis, home to talking animals, centaurs, witches, and many other mythical creatures and characters.
– a genre of fiction dealing with imaginary but more or less plausible (or at least nonsupernatural) content such as future settings, futuristic science and technology, space travel, aliens, giant monsters (Kaiju), and paranormal abilities. Exploring the consequences of scientific innovations is one purpose of science fiction, making it a "literature of ideas".
- Star Trek – sci-fi setting created by Gene Roddenberry, focused mostly upon the adventures of the personnel of Star Fleet of the United Federation of Planets and their exploration and interaction with the regions of space within and beyond their borders.
- Spy fiction – genre of fiction concerning forms of espionage.
– structured playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment, involving goals, rules, challenge, and interaction.
Board games – tabletop games that involve counters or pieces moved or placed on a pre-marked surface or "board", according to a set of rules.
- Chess – two-player board game played on a chessboard, a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. Each player begins the game with sixteen pieces: One king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns.
Card games – game using playing cards as the primary device with which the game is played, be they traditional or game-specific.
- Poker – family of card games that share betting rules and usually (but not always) hand rankings.
- Video games – electronic games that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device.
- Board games – tabletop games that involve counters or pieces moved or placed on a pre-marked surface or "board", according to a set of rules.
– organized, competitive, entertaining, and skillful activity requiring commitment, strategy, and fair play, in which a winner can be defined by objective means. Generally speaking, a sport is a game based in physical athleticism.
- Baseball – bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each where the aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot diamond.
- Basketball – team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules.
- Golf – club and ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.
- Tennis – sport usually played between two players (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles), using specialized racquets to strike a felt-covered hollow rubber ball over a net into the opponent's court.
- Fencing – family of combat sports using bladed weapons.
- Martial arts – extensive systems of codified practices and traditions of combat practiced for a variety of reasons including self-defense, competition, physical health and fitness as well as mental and spiritual development.
Traveling / racing sports
- Auto racing – sport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.
- Canoeing and kayaking – two closely related forms of watercraft paddling, involving manually propelling and navigating specialized boats called canoes and kayaks using a blade that is joined to a shaft, known as a paddle, in the water.
- Sailing – using sailboats for sporting purposes. It can be recreational or competitive. Competitive sailing is in the form of races.
- Cycling – use of bicycles or other non-motorized cycles for transport, recreation, or for sport. Also called bicycling or biking.
- Motorcycling – riding a motorcycle. A variety of subcultures and lifestyles have been built up around motorcycling and motorcycle racing.
- Running – moving rapidly on foot, during which both feet are off the ground at regular intervals.
- Skiing – mode of transport, recreational activity and competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and the International Ski Federation (FIS).
- Ball games
– academic disciplines that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences.
– comprehensive interdisciplinary research and academic study of the people and communities of particular regions. Disciplines applied include history, political science, sociology, cultural studies, languages, geography, literature, and related disciplines.
- Sinology – study of China and things related to China, such as its classical language and literature.
- Classical studies – branch of the Humanities comprising the languages, literature, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and all other cultural elements of the ancient Mediterranean world (Bronze Age ca. BC 3000 – Late Antiquity ca. AD 300–600); especially Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.
- Area studies – comprehensive interdisciplinary research and academic study of the people and communities of particular regions. Disciplines applied include history, political science, sociology, cultural studies, languages, geography, literature, and related disciplines.
Lists( see for all subject areas )
- Actors and characters : Actors, by television series • Touhou Project characters • Celebrities on The Simpsons • Characters from The Simpsons • Characters from The Sopranos • Characters in 24 • Game show hosts • Guest stars on Friends • Guest stars on Will & Grace • Sesame Street human characters • Sesame Street Muppets • Star Trek races
Schools of music
- Electronic music: Music genres • Record labels
Musicians and musical groups
- Composers : Classical music composers • National Academy of Popular Music/Songwriters Hall of Fame
- Bands : Hardcore punk bands
- Musicians : Alternative music artists • Ambient artists • Disco artists • Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients • Hip hop artists • R&B musicians • Soul musicians • List of best-selling music artists
- Record labels
- Songs and compositions: Albums • Best selling singles by year (UK) • Christmas carols • Christmas number one singles (UK) • Compositions of Johann Sebastian Bach • Famous operas • Operettas
- Video game music : Video game musicians
Film source material
- Films : Computer-animated films • Preserved films • Highest-grossing • Most expensive • Rated NC-17 • Film series • Trilogies • Greatest • Worst
TV stations in North America
- Television channels
Lists of anime
UK television series
British TV shows remade for the American market
Children's television series
Cult television shows
Most-watched television episodes
Sci-fi TV programs
TV shows by city setting
- By broadcaster: BBC • ABC • CBS • Fox • MTV • NBC • UPN • Cartoon Network • ANT1 • ERT • MEGA Channel
- By program: Invader Zim
- By characters: Muppets
- Film: Actors • Directors • Film festivals • Film institutes • Film source material • Film awards
Sports: Shared franchise names • Judo techniques • Martial arts ( Weapons ) • Gay athletes • Sports leagues , Defunct sports leagues • Ski areas • Surfing • List of sports
- Baseball: Highest paid baseball players • Major league baseball players • Lifetime home run leaders • Triple crown
- Football (soccer): Football teams • 100 Greatest Living Football Players • Football clubs in France • Women's association football clubs • National association football teams by nickname
- Olympics: IOC country codes • Olympic medalists
Gaming: Games, by year (non-video) • Board game publishers • Japanese board games • Mancala variants • Miniature wargames
- Chess : Games • Terms • Openings • World records • Players • World championship matches • Tournaments • Books
- Video games : Arcade games • Console palettes
Literature: By year • Publishers • Scientific journals
- Books : ( By genre • Banned books ) • Writers • Literary awards • List of best-selling books
- Electronic literature: List of electronic literature authors, critics, and works
Fictional robots and androids
- Comics: Manga • List of best-selling manga • Comic strips
- Fictional places : Fictional countries • Fictional planets • Imaginary universes • Middle-earth
- Major themes: Adultery • Family • Sadomasochism • School • Science fiction • Travel
- Magazines : Men's • Women's • Teen • Newspapers • Fictional magazines • By circulation • Anomalous phenomena
Mythology: Celtic mythological beings • Demigods • Greek mythological characters • Nordic Gods
Other: Artworks known in English by a foreign title • Colors • Public Art • Calendars • Gardening • Goethe-Institut locations • Headgear • Holidays • Knots • Mascots • Museums • Paintings (most expensive) •Recordings •
Portals( see for all subject areas )
- Performing arts
Recreation and entertainment
Glossaries( see for all subject areas )
Clothing • Flamenco • Owarai • Ancient Roman culture • Wine
Architecture ( Classical ) • Dance ( Ballet • Belly dance • Country dance • Partner dance ) • Glass art • Graffiti • Motion picture • Music ( Bagpipes • Carnatic • Colombian • Italian ( used in English ) • Guitar • Jazz and popular music ) • Pottery and ceramics • Sculpture • Textile arts ( Dyeing • Sewing ) • Theater
Fiction and literature
Anime and manga • Dune • Jabberwocky • Literary terms • Newspeak words • Poetry ( Groups and movements )
Board games • Chess ( Computer chess • Problems ) • Card games ( Blackjack • Contract bridge • Patience (Solitaire) • Poker ) • Go opening • Pinball • Role-playing games • Sudoku • Video games
American football • Archery • Association football • Australian and New Zealand punting • Australian rules football • Baseball • Basketball • Bowling • Bowls • Canadian football • Climbing • Cricket • Cue sports (pool, carom billiards, snooker) • Curling • Cycling ( Parts ) • Darts • Equestrianism • Fencing • Figure skating • Gaelic games • Golf • Gymnastics • Ice hockey • North American horse racing • Motorcycling • Motorsport • Rowing • Rugby league • Rugby union • SCUBA and underwater diving • Skiing and snowboarding • Sports terms named after people • Sumo wrestling • Surfing • Table tennis • Tennis • Trampolining • Volleyball • Water polo • Wing Chun • Wrestling
Collecting and hobbies
Categories( see for all subject areas )
- Sports and Recreation
- Air sports
- American football
- Association football
- Auto racing
- Horse racing
- Ice hockey
- Olympic Games
- Rugby league
- Rugby union
- Track and field
- Walking trails
- Water sports
- Whitewater sports
Indices( see for all subject areas )
- Visual arts
- Performing arts